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Comprehensive Care for Many Conditions

We treat many neurological conditions at San Diego Neurosurgery, including:

 

A   |   B   |   C   |   D   |   E   |   F   |   G   |   H   |   I   |   J   |   K   |   L   |   M   |   N   |   O   |   P   |   Q   |   R   |   S   |   T   |   U   |   V   |   W   |   X   |   Y   |   Z

A

Acromegaly

Disorder marked by progressive enlargement of the head, face, hands, feet, and thorax, due to the excessive secretion of growth hormone.

Action Tremor

A type of tremor that occurs during voluntary movements, such as lifting a cup to one’s mouth.

Acute Subdural Hematoma

A clot of blood that develops between the surface of the brain and the dura mater, the brain’s tough outer covering, usually due to stretching and tearing of veins on the brain’s surface. These veins rupture when a head injury suddenly jolts or shakes the brain.

Adult Onset Hydrocephalus

A condition marked by abnormal and excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the cerebral ventricles in adults.

Amaurosis

Loss of vision without discoverable lesion in the eye structures or optic nerve. Amaurosis fugax – temporary blindness occurring in short periods.

Amnesia

Loss of memory caused by brain damage or by severe emotional trauma.

Analgesia

Loss of sensibility to pain, loss of response to a painful stimulus.

Anaplasia

In the case of a body cell, a reversion to a more primitive condition. A term used to denote the alteration in cell character which constitutes malignancy.

Anencephaly

Absence of the greater part of the brain, often with skull deformity.

Aneurysm

Dilation of an artery, formed by a circumscribed enlargement of its wall. Saccular (berry) aneurysm – sac-like bulging on one side of an artery usually arising at an arterial branching.

Aphasia

Difficulty with, or loss of use of language, in any of several ways including reading, writing or speaking. Failure of understanding of the written, printed or spoken word not related to intelligence but to specific lesions in the brain.

Arteriovenous Malformation

An abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system.

Astrocytoma Tumors

A type of cancer of the brain that originates in a particular kind of glial cells, star-shaped brain cells in the cerebrum called astrocytes.

B

Bell’s Palsy

Paralysis of facial muscles (usually one side) due to facial nerve dysfunction of unknown cause.

Brain Tumors

An abnormal growth of cells) within the brain or the central spinal canal.

C

Carotid Stenosis

A narrowing of the carotid arteries, usually caused by the build-up of fatty substances and cholesterol deposits called plaque.

Causalgia

A constant usually burning pain resulting from injury to a peripheral nerve.

Cavernous Angioma

A type of blood vessel malformation (hemangioma) that has relatively large blood-filled spaces (cavities).

Cavernous Malformation

Clusters of abnormal, tiny blood vessels, and larger, stretched-out, thin-walled blood vessels filled with blood in the brain.

Cerebral Aneurysm

A weak area in a blood vessel that usually enlarges, often described as a “ballooning” of the blood vessel.

Cerebral Contusion and Intracerebral Hematoma

A contusion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that causes bruising of the brain tissue; a hematoma is heavy bleeding into or around the brain.

Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak

A medical condition in which the water-like fluid produced in the brain that circulates and protects the brain and spinal cord.

Cerebrovascular Disease

Cerebrovascular disease refers to a group of conditions that affect the circulation of blood to the brain, causing limited or no blood flow to affected areas of the brain, including hypertension and atherosclerosis.

Chiari Malformations

Structural defects in the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls balance.

Chorea

A disorder, usually of childhood, characterized by irregular, spasmodic involuntary movements of the limbs or facial muscles.

Chronic Subdural Hematoma

An “old” collection of blood and blood breakdown products between the surface of the brain and its outermost covering (the dura). The chronic phase of a subdural hematoma begins several weeks after the first bleeding.

Colloid Cysts

A cyst in the brain containing gelatinous material.

Concussion

A traumatic brain injury that alters the way your brain functions. Effects are usually temporary, but can include problems with headache, concentration, memory, judgment, balance and coordination.

Cranial Gunshot Wounds

A penetrating wound through the skull caused by a firearm.

Craniopharyngioma

A type of brain tumor derived from pituitary gland embryonic tissue.

Craniosynostosis

A condition in which one or more of the fibrous sutures in an infant skull prematurely fuses by turning into bone (ossification), thereby changing the growth pattern of the skull.

Craniofacial Disorders

Birth defects of the face or head that often affect how a person’s face or head look. Some, like cleft lip and palate, are among the most common of these types of defects.

Cysts

A closed sac, having a distinct membrane and division compared to the nearby tissue, which may contain air, fluids, or semi-solid material.

D

Dandy-Walker Syndrome

A condition that affects brain development, primarily the development of the part of the brain that coordinates movement (the cerebellum).

Dermoid and Epeidermoid Tumors

Epidermoid and dermoid tumors are slow-growing benign tumors that result from a developmental abnormality. This causes the formation of a fluid-filled cyst, called an ectodermal inclusion cyst, that makes up the tumor.

Diffuse Brain Injury

Damage to the brain that can affect many parts of the brain, often in a subtle fashion; examples include diffuse axonal injury and inadequate blood flow.

Dysphasia

Difficulty in the use of language due to a brain lesion without mental impairment.

E

Encephalocele

Protrusion of the brain through a cranial fissure.

Ependymoma

A growth in the brain or spinal cord arising from ependymal tissue.

Epidural Hematoma

A blood clot between the dura mater and the inside of the skull.

Epilepsy

Disorder characterized by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain, causing abnormal sensation, movement or level of consciousness.

Essential Tremor

A progressive neurological disorder of which the most recognizable feature is a tremor of the arms or hands that is apparent during voluntary movements such as eating and writing.

Esthesioneuroblastoma

A rare form of cancer involving nasal cavity and believed to arise from the olfactory epithelium.

G

Gliosarcoma

A rare type of glioma, a cancer of the brain that comes from glial, or supportive, brain cells, as opposed to the neural brain cells.

Glomus Jugulare Tumors

A tumor of a part of the temporal bone in the skull that can affect the ear, upper neck, base of the skull, and the surrounding blood vessels and nerves.

Glosspharyngeal Neuralgia

A condition in which there are repeated episodes of severe pain in the tongue, throat, ear, and tonsils, which can last from a few seconds to a few minutes.

H

Hemangioblastomas

A benign tumor consisting of a mass of blood vessels.

Hydrocephalus

A condition, often congenital, marked by abnormal and excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the cerebral ventricles. This dilates the ventricles and in infants and young children causes the head to enlarge.

I

Infection

The invasion of a host organism’s bodily tissues by disease-causing organisms, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce.

Intracranial Hypotension

A condition in which there is negative pressure within the brain cavity.

L

Leptomeningitis

Inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.

Leptomeningopathy

Disease of the arachnoid or pia matter of the brain and spinal cord.

Leukoencephalitis

An inflammation of the white matter of the brain.

M

Medulloblastoma

Tumor composed of medulloblasts which are cells which develop in the roof of the fourth ventricle (medullary velum).

Meningioma

A firm, often vascular, tumor arising from the coverings of the brain. Does not recur if totally removed.

Meningocele

A protrusion of the coverings of the spinal cord or brain through a defect in the skull or vertebral column. May be congenital or acquired.

Meningoencephalocele

A protrusion of both the meninges and brain tissue through a skull defect.

Mesial Frontal Lobe Epilepsy

A neurological disorder that is characterized by brief, recurring seizures that arise in the frontal lobes of the brain, often while the patient is sleeping.

Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

A form of focal epilepsy, a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures.

Metastatic Brain Tumors

Cancer that has metastasized (spread) to the brain from another location in the body.

Mixed Gliomas

A malignant brain tumor.

Moya Moya Disease

A disease in which certain arteries in the brain are constricted.

Multiple Sclerosis

An inflammatory disease in which the fatty myelin sheaths around the axons of the brain and spinal cord are damaged, leading to demyelination and scarring as well as a broad spectrum of signs and symptoms.

O

Occiptal Neuralgia

A neurological condition in which the occipital nerves — the nerves that run from the top of the spinal cord at the base of the neck up through the scalp — are inflamed or injured.

Oligodendroglioma

A growth of new cells derived from the oligodendroglia, cells that make up part of the supportive tissue of the brain.

Ophthalmoplegia

Paralysis of one or more of the eye muscles.

N

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

A condition which occurs when there is an increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) due to an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain, which can cause ventriculomegaly.

P

Papilledema

Swelling of the optic nerve head, can be seen in the back of the retina during eye examination.

Parkinson’s Disease

A disorder of the brain that leads to shaking (tremors) and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination.

Peripheral Nerve Injury

An injury to the peripheral nerve system is often caused by trauma, but may also be caused by a neurological condition.

Pineal Region Tumors / Pinealomas

Tumors in the small gland located in the back of the base of the brain that creates the neurotransmitters melatonin and serotonin.

Pituitary Adenomas

Noncancerous tumors that occur in the pituitary gland. Pituitary adenomas are generally divided into three categories: benign adenoma, invasive adenoma or carcinomas.

Pituitary Cancer

A tumor that forms in the pituitary gland.

Pituitary Gland

Gland at base of the brain which secretes hormones into the blood stream. Those hormones then regulate other glands including the thyroid, adrenals and gonads. The “Master Gland.”

Post-Concussive Headaches

Headaches that occur after a concussion.

Post-Traumatic Seizures

Seizures that result from traumatic brain injury (TBI), brain damage caused by physical trauma.

Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

A disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lymph tissue of the brain and/or spinal cord.

Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors (Medulloblastoma, Neuroblastoma)

A neural crest tumor.

Pseudotumor Cerebri

A situation in which the pressure inside your skull (intracranial pressure) increases for no obvious reason.

R

Rathke’s Cleft Cyst

A benign growth found on the pituitary gland in the brain, specifically a fluid-filled cyst in the posterior portion of the anterior pituitary gland.

S

Schwannoma

A benign nerve sheath tumor composed of Schwann cells, which normally produce the insulating myelin sheath covering peripheral nerves.

Seizures

The physical findings or changes in behavior that occur after an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

Shaken Baby Syndrome

A serious brain injury resulting from forcefully shaking an infant or toddler.

Skull (Cranial) Fractures

A break in one or more of the eight bones that form the cranial portion of the skull, usually occurring as a result of blunt force trauma.

Sports-Related Head or Neck Injury

Injuries to the head or neck while playing in sports.

Stroke

The rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia (lack of blood flow) caused by blockage (thrombosis, arterial embolism), or a hemorrhage.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Bleeding in the area between the brain and the thin tissues that cover the brain.

T

Tarlov Cyst

Tarlov cysts are fluid-filled nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral level of the spine – the vertebrae at the base of the spine.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Mechanical problem related to the exit of arteries and nerves at the base of the neck leading down the arm, and can also involve the vein bringing blood back from the arm.

Traumatic Brain Injury

This occurs when an external mechanical force causes brain dysfunction, such as a violent blow or jolt to the head or body, or when an object (such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull) penetrates the skull.

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Paroxysmal pain in the face. Pain may be so severe that it causes an involuntary grimace or “tic.” (Tic Douloureux).

V

Vertigo

An abnormal sensation of rotation or movement of one’s self, or the environment.

Vestibular Schwannomas

A benign primary intracranial tumor of the myelin-forming cells of the vestibulocochlear nerve.

 

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